The WaterSmart program communicates to the consumer their household water use, compares their use to that of their neighbors, provides personalized recommendations on how to save water and money, and allows the consumer to track their water use.
To verify the residential water and energy savings derived directly from WaterSmart, we will deploy the "gold standard" monitoring and verification approach of conducting a randomized control trial. This approach involves randomly dividing the target population into treatment and control groups and then directly comparing the households' water and energy consumption data to see if there is any discernible reduction in resource use in the treatment group relative to the control group. Households in Burbank have AMI set up for all three utilities (water, gas, and electric utility) and data from these is sent to the PI Server. Using the PI Server for integrating and transferring the data will vastly streamline our efforts given the scale of these AMI data.
To understand related energy savings secured through residential water conservation, CWEE will collect and integrate operational and energy consumption data for the cities' water and wastewater systems into the PI System. Once organized, we are able to calculate and monitor the energy intensity of delivered water and wastewater services provision. CWEE will apply our advanced methodology for estimating energy intensity at a high resolution, including hourly calculation of energy intensity for every pressure zone in the service territory. We will extend this data integration and analysis into a "live" monitoring platform with PI System that will be updated with new data at regular intervals to provide monitoring and verification analytics in near real-time over the life of the project."
Dr. Edward Spang (Ned) is the Associate Director for the Center for Water-Energy Efficiency (CWEE) at UC Davis where he focuses on data-driven solutions for the joint optimization of water and energy resource systems. His doctoral research focused on the link between water and energy at the global level including the critical importance of improving efficiency in both sectors. Previous research included analyzing regional case studies related to improved water resource management in Central and South America. Parallel to his research on water, Ned developed expertise on energy systems as a coordinator of the MIT-Portugal Green Islands Project, where he worked closely with multiple universities, government agencies, NGOs, local communities, and corporate partners to design an integrated, clean, energy future for the Azores archipelago. Ned holds a Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.